Today, the car is a must in our societies. Whether working, bringing their children to school or shopping, many Frenchmen could not do without their vehicles. And yet, the climate emergency put the car back in front of the scene. From now on, we will have to change the way we move and do it with less polluting vehicles . To meet this challenge, car manufacturers offer for sale 3 types of vehicles: electric cars, hybrid cars and plug-in hybrid cars .
Plan de l'article
- Electric car, hybrid or plug-in hybrid… How to choose?
- What is a hybrid car? Definition
- The plug-in hybrid vehicle
- Conversion Bonus, Ecological Bonus: Helps to Change Vehicles
Electric car, hybrid or plug-in hybrid… How to choose?
An electric car is a vehicle that has an electric motor powered by a battery. In an electric car, no fuel tank or engine thermal. To refuel, simply plug into the electricity network either at home or to a public charging station.
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Advantage of electric car
The electric car does not emit CO2 when used unlike thermal cars. In addition, this vehicle is virtually silent and maintenance costs are lower thanks to simplified mechanics.
Among the disadvantages of the electric car, one will have to deal with a low range to date (between 100 km and a few hundred kilometers) and a lack of charging infrastructure .
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Moreover, its ecological impact during manufacturing is far from negligible. While electric vehicles do not pollute for use, the manufacture of batteries and theextraction of raw materials necessary for its manufacture are very polluting.
Finally, the issue of the end of life of electric vehicles can be a problem, particularly their recycling.
What is a hybrid car? Definition
The hybrid vehicle is the mixture of a gasoline or diesel vehicle with an electric vehicle. Concretely, how does a hybrid car work? It has “simply” two engines: one electric and another thermal.
A hybrid engine © Asturcon
Hybrid car operation is as follows: during the deceleration and braking phases, the kinetic energy is transformed into electricity. The driver will then be able to use this electricity during the start-up phases to drive electric.
Hybrid car — comparison of advantages and disadvantages
Hybrid vehicles consume less fuel than thermal vehicles. At low speeds, drivers usually see better driving comfort thanks to its quieter motorization or the fluidity of propulsion. Finally, another advantage is that this type of vehicle does not need to be charged on an electrical outlet.
Non-rechargeable hybrid — disadvantages
Hybrid vehicles are closer to thermal vehicles than electric cars. If the battery charges itself while driving, it offers a maximum battery life of a few kilometers in electric power. Last point to know, when buying, a hybrid vehicle is more expensive than a gasoline or diesel car.
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The plug-in hybrid vehicle
As the name implies, the plug-in hybrid car is a hybrid car that you can charge on an outlet. Like an ordinary hybrid, the plug-in hybridwithout consuming gasoline therefore concentrates under its hood two engines: a combustion engine and an electric motor. The rechargeable battery of the hybrid car thus allows the driver to travel tens of kilometers .
Advantages of the plug-in hybrid car
With two possible energies, plug-in hybrid technology offers a good compromise between electric and thermal. The driver will therefore be able to make part of his daily journeys by electric.
Plug-in hybrid vehicle refueling © moreimages
The price of plug-in hybrids is very high. Generally count more than 30,000 euros for a vehicle in this range. From an environmental point of view, a recent study points to CO2 emissions far higher than those displayed by manufacturers. The ecological aspect of plug-in hybrid vehicles is therefore beginning to be questioned.
Conversion Bonus, Ecological Bonus: Helps to Change Vehicles
Beyond the technical, ecological or financial aspect, choosing a new vehicle requires weighing the pros and cons. Before you make your purchase, analyze your needs and lifestyle carefully to choose the vehicle that will suit you best.
Thanks to the ecological bonus and the conversion premium, the state financially helps the French to change vehicles . Aggregated, the bonus and the premium can thus reach 12,000 euros for a new passenger car.
To find out the amount of your assistance, go here
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Banner illustration: Which car to choose? © My OceanProduction